Ivan Vazov (1850–1921) is a renowned Bulgarian poet, writer and playwright. He was born in Sopot in the family of a wealthy merchant. In 1876 his first collection of poems "Priaporetz and Gusla" was published, followed by "The Sorrows of Bulgaria" (1877), "Deliverance" (1878), the poetic cycle "Epic of the Forgotten" (1881-1884), "Under the Thunder of Victory" (1914), “He Will Not Perish (1919) and others. His establishment as a fiction writer, beginning with the memoir "Recently" (1881), is marked by five collections of short stories, several short novels, including "Outcasts" (1883) and "Uncles" (1885), and the novels "Under the Yoke" (1894, the first Bulgarian novel) and "New Country" (1896). Vazov creates patterns in all literary genres and outlines the genre boundaries in our new literature.
Until the end of his days he remained faithful to the patriotic and civic themes, he was called the Patriarch of Bulgarian literature and was recognized as a People's Poet.