Melanie Klein (30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian-British author and psychoanalyst known for her work in child analysis. She was the primary figure in the development of object relations theory. Klein suggested that pre-verbal existential anxiety in infancy catalyzed the formation of the unconscious, which resulted in the unconscious splitting of the world into good and bad idealizations. In her theory, how the child resolves that split depends on the constitution of the child and the character of nurturing the child experiences. The quality of resolution can inform the presence, absence, and/or type of distresses a person experiences later in life.
The collection "Envy and Gratitude" contains Klein's most significant research on the inner world in normality and pathology and will be of considerable benefit to a wide range of readers - parents, doctors, psychologists, psychotherapists, as well as to anyone curious about the world of the unconscious.